Fatty Liver: What It Is, and How to Get Rid of It
On Tuesday, October 18, at 11.00 a.m., Prof. Ferruccio Bonino, Medical and Scientific Director of UPMC Institute for Health Chianciano Terme, will appear on Tutta Salute, a new show broadcast on Italian National TV (RAI3) that focuses on health, prevention, and aspects of everyday life that can help improve our health. Prof. Bonino will focus on the fatty liver, i.e. excess fat stored in the liver cells.
What does it mean having a fatty liver?
Fat accumulation in the liver, even in people who are not overweight, can cause liver inflammation and severe complications, such as liver (steatohepatitis) and non-liver (diabetes, dysmetabolism, cardiovascular diseases, and digestive diseases) pathologies.
A fatty liver may be caused by several disorders including:
- alcohol abuse
- sedentary lifestyle
- high cholesterol
- other metabolic and viral diseases.
Fatty liver is a frequent condition in the obese population (70-90% incidence). A healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet, a regular physical activity, and prevention, are therefore essential.
It is currently estimated that about 20% of the population has a fatty liver, and the prevalence of liver steatosis further increases in adults over 40 years of age, with rates above 60% in those aged over 60. However, incidence is increasing also in children. This disease can be asymptomatic for several years before any signs and symptoms actually appear. This is why check-ups are essential for an early diagnosis and prevention.
Preventing fatty liver disease
Today, the liver can be checked using non-invasive and painless physical exams: ultrasound and elastometry (Fibroscan). Fibroscan is a new method that doesn’t require obtaining liver tissue samples. The test is performed placing an ultrasound-like probe on the patient’s chest, near the right liver lobe.
A LIVER PROGRAM, including Fibroscan, personal and family history data collection, liver and biliary tree ultrasound, and a final hepatology assessment, is available at UPMC Institute for Health Chianciano Terme.
For further iformation, please contact our Center.