Angiology is a medical specialty dedicated to the study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the circulatory system and the lymphatic system.

The angiology treats the following diseases:

  • chronic venous insufficiency 
  • deep vein thrombosis and superficial vein thrombosis 
  • vascular ulcers 
  • arteriovenous malformations
  • peripheral arterial and epi-aortic trunk disease

The following services are available at UPMC Institute for Health Chianciano Terme:

  • angiology consult
  • lower capillary sclerotherapy
  • arterial and/or venous echo-color-doppler of the
    • lower and upper limbs
    • of the supra-aortic trunks
    • aorta and/or large abdominal vessels

When should I schedule a consult?

A consult should be scheduled with an angiologist in the presence of symptoms and signs suggestive of a venous disease (leg edemas, varices, trophic ulcers) or arterial insufficiency (pain while walking or using a limb). In the presence of one or more vascular risk factors (hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, diabetes) an angiology test can prevent circulatory complications related to atherosclerosis (critical limb ischemia, aneurysms and aorta dissections, brain stroke).

In particular, it is advisable to undergo an angiology consult for people with:

  • varicose veins or lower limb ulcers
  • age 50+
    • one or more vascular risk factors (smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol)
    • diabetes
    • previous ischemic heart or brain events

How is an angiology consult carried out?

In general, no particular preparation is required before an angiology consult. In some specific cases, the physician will provide the necessary indications. For example, if an echo-color-doppler of the limbs is required, a slag-free diet is recommended for a couple of days before the consult. The consult consists in reviewing the patient’s medical history, investigating his or her lifestyle, any family history of certain diseases (hypertension, diabetes, etc.), possible symptoms, and ongoing drug therapies. This is followed by a physical examination (observation of the body districts checking for redness or varices, peripheral wrists and vascular murmurs, if any). Based on the findings during the consult, the angiologist will identify the therapy and/or additional other tests and/or examinations required.